basic information

Water Pipit

Anthus spinoletta (Linnaeus, 1758)

Щеврик гірський | Горный конек

Carpathians Marmorosy
© Sergey Ryzhkov


Adult Water Pipit in breeding plumage has brownish-grey or yellowish-grey upperparts with not clear dark-brown streaks on head and back. Uppertail is buffy-brown. Flight feathers are dark-brown with whitish edges, which is narrow on primaries and broad on secondaries. White or pale-buffy edges of median and greater wing coverts formed pale wing-bars. Central pair of tail feathers are dark-brown with pale narrow edges, other ones blackish-brown; outer pair have wedge-shaped spots. Underparts are buffy or sandy-rufous, more intensive on breast and fluently dispersed to undertail. Females have some dark-brown streaks on craw and breast-flanks. Bill is black, legs are dark-brown, eyes are brown. In fresh autumn plumage Water Pipits have well appreciable brownish-sandy edges of feathers therefore birds look paler in total. Juveniles are pale sandy above, with not-clear dark-brown patches. Pattern on wings of juveniles as on adults but all edges as colour as on back, but some paler. Broad edges of inner secondaries are diffused boarded from dark background; when juveniles of other Pipits have contrast board on these feathers. Underparts are buffy with little but concentrated spots on throat-flanks and especially on breast; there are a bit of these spots on flanks. Bill is dark, yellowish-pink on base and flanks, legs are brownish. Sizes: wing 78-93 mm, weight: 16.7-27.0 grams.


"Птицы Казахстана" том 3. "Наука". Алма-Ата, 1970.


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