basic information

Greater Short-toed Lark

Calandrella brachydactyla (Leisler, 1814)

Жайворонок малий | Малый жаворонок

© Maxim Yakovlev


Adult males and females of the Greater Short-toed Lark are grey above with typically to Larks pattern. The crown is grayish sometimes obvious buffy tinged with narrow brownish streaks; the nape, upperwings, mantle and uppertail are grayish with brownish broad streaks. The central tail feathers are brownish with pale edges; outer pair is off-white with brown on the base and inner web. The second outer pair as all other is blackish-brown but with off-white from the middle to the tip on outer web. The off-white obvious supercilium continues from the bill above the eye; ear coverts are brownish. The throat, breast and undertail are whitish-greyish slightly darker on breast. On the breast's sides there are two brownish patches. The flight feathers are brownish with narrow pale edges of the outer webs of the primaries and broad pale edges of secondaries. The background color of the head and upperparts are variable from grey to grey-buffy. In autumn plumage it is buffy tinged above. Streaks are less neat, washed; the edges of the central and outer tail feathers are buffy tinged. The bill is dark-grey with yellow base of the low mandible, legs are pale-brownish, eyes are brown. Juveniles after autumn molting have darker streaks on the crown; the upperwing coverts have broad buffy edges; the buffy tinge is obvious on the general color of the mantle and on the edges of secondaries. Size: length about 160 mm; males – wing 84-97, tail 51-62; females – wing 82-91, tail 51-62 mm. Weight 18,5-25 grams.


"Птицы Казахстана" том 3. "Наука". Алма-Ата, 1970.


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